Effect of Irrigation System on Corn Yield

TRIAL OBJECTIVE

  • Irrigation is a common practice in Central Nebraska and research is constantly being performed to improve its efficiency. Irrigation system design could have an impact on the amount of water absorbed by plants versus water lost to evaporation.
  • The objective of this study was to determine the effect of irrigation system, Dragon-Line® drip-line tubing versus standard sprinkler drop nozzles, on corn yield.

 

RESEARCH SITE DETAILS

Location Gothenburg, NE     
Soil Type  Hord silt loam   

Previous
Crop
Corn     
Tillage
Type
 
Strip  tillage


 
Planting Date 5/1/20    
Harvest Date 10/28/20  

Potential Yield
 (bu/acre)
250    
Seeding Rate
(seeds/acre)

35,000


 

  • This study was designed to compare yields from corn irrigated with either a standard irrigation sprinkler drop nozzle with a rotating deflector to Dragon-Line® drip-line tubing. There were three replications of each treatment.
    • Six inches of irrigation were applied in six, 1-inch irrigation applications.
  • The study used a 109 RM corn product.
  • Fertility included 100 lb nitrogen (N)/acre applied using a Chafer Fertilizer Stream Bar on 4/27/20, and 90 lb N/acre and 15 lb sulfur/acre applied using a 360 Y-DROP® applicators on 6/26/20.
  • Weeds were controlled as necessary and no other pesticides were used.
  • Total shelled weight, test weight, and moisture content were collected to calculate yield.

UNDERSTANDING THE RESULTS

image
image

Figure 1. Dragon-Line® drip-line irrigation tubes between corn rows. 

image Figure 2. Average corn yield from plots receiving irrigation via a Dragon-Line® drip-line tubing or a standard sprinkler nozzle.
image

 

  • There was no significant difference in yield between irrigation type (Figure 2).
  • Dragon-Line tended to drift towards one row of corn rather than irrigate directly in between each row (Figure 1). The standard deviation within plots was greater for plots irrigated using Dragon-Line compared to standard nozzles (Table 1). This indicates some corn rows within the Dragon-Line plots received excess irrigation, while other rows did not receive enough or full irrigation. 
 

KEY LEARNINGS

  • The water use efficiency of irrigation systems can be a key component in a production system, and this study found that the Dragon-Line and standard irrigation nozzles produced the same corn yields. While Dragon-Line may have greater variability between rows, the variability did not influence overall yield.
  • A producer should choose the irrigation system that maximizes production and profitability for each field.
 
1021_R11_R20

 

This browser is no longer supported. Please switch to a supported browser: Chrome, Edge, Firefox, Safari.