The application of a fungicide can protect corn plants from foliar diseases and increase overall plant health, which can lead to increased grain yield.
Yield increases observed from the application of fungicide greatly depend on corn product selection, as individual products respond differently to a fungicide application. While fungicide is often used as a high-yield management strategy, it can also be used to protect the yield of corn products with poor plant and stalk health ratings.
The objective of this trial was to evaluate the impact that a fungicide application has on corn yield and late-season plant health.
Research Site Details
10 Channel® corn products were broken out into two different sets based on relative maturity, with the northern set located at Marble Rock, Storm Lake, and Huxley, and the southern set located at Atlantic, Victor, and Huxley.
Plots were planted as strip trials at four locations, with Huxley arranged as a small-plot trial.
The trial was replicated by location.
Stay-green and disease ratings were collected during the growing season. Stalk strength and intactness were collected at harvest.
Each site was sprayed with Delaro™ 325 SC fungicide (12 oz/acre) with a ground sprayer at brown silk.
Understanding the Results
Across all corn products, spraying a fungicide offered a 16 bu/acre advantage vs. the unsprayed treatment. For this study, a 6.8 bu/acre response was considered a profitable response ($24/acre cost for fungicide application with $3.50 corn).
Fungicide use also increased plant health, as the average stay-green and intactness ratings improved from 5 to 3 and 6 to 2, respectively, for the sprayed products compared to the unsprayed products (data not shown).
Fungicide application had a minimal effect on grain moisture, with a 0.6% difference in moisture between the sprayed and unsprayed treatments.ungicide application had a minimal effect on grain moisture, with a 0.6% difference in moisture between the sprayed and unsprayed treatments.
What Does This Mean For Your Farm?
The 2018 growing season saw a range of moisture and temperature extremes occur across the state of Iowa. Generally, the research sites saw a wet June, a dry July, and a very wet late summer/harvest season. This led to high levels of stalk and plant health issues due to excess moisture, disease, and lack of nitrogen.
Such conditions may explain why a fungicide application was profitable across nearly all corn products tested in 2018. While fungicides do not cure plant diseases, a timely application can prevent foliar diseases from infecting the upper canopy.
The results of this study suggest that a healthier upper canopy leads to increased photosynthetic activity later in the growing season, which resulted in increased yield in corn products sprayed with fungicide. While plant health was notably improved by fungicide use, we did not observe dramatic differences in stalk health between sprayed and unsprayed corn products.
Going forward, this trial will be repeated in 2019, with more focus placed on potential stalk health benefits derived from applying fungicide.