There is an interest in better understanding nitrogen (N) placement during sidedressing and the potential effect on N uptake and yield.
Nitrogen is a substantial cost in corn production. Understanding the optimal placement of sidedressed N can help farmers determine the application method best suited for their operation.
RESEARCH SITE DETAILS
|Location||Monmouth, IL||Planting Date||4/25/19|
|Soil Type||Silt Loam||Harvest Date||10/9/19|
|Previous Crop||Corn||Potential Yield (bu/acre)||250|
|Tillage Type||Conventional||Seeding Rate (seeds/acre||36,000|
- A 114-day RM SmartStax® RIB Complete® corn blend product was selected for this trial.
- The form of N used for all treatments was 32-0-0 UAN.
- 80 lb N/acre was applied prior to planting and incorporated.
- 100 lb N/acre was sidedressed with a urease inhibitor. Two sidedressing methods were used on June 26, 2019 at the V6 growth stage.
- A rolling coulter applied N in the center of the row (Figure 1).
- A 360 Y-DROP® system applied N next to the base of the plants (Figures 2 and 3).
- This trial included four replications.
- This trial has been conducted at the Bayer Learning Center at Monmouth, IL over the last four years (from 2016-2019).
UNDERSTANDING THE RESULTS
At this location, no clear advantage to either N application method has been seen at V6.
This year at this location dry conditions followed application, but the data shows no effect with applying the N directly beside the row.
The timing for a rolling coulter application can be limited due to the height of the corn crop.
360 Y-DROP® can allow a wider application window for sidedressing later in the season.
Yield differences may not be economically feasible when all costs are considered. Consider all local costs when making N management decisions.
Individual corn products may have different responses to N application timing. Consult your local Field Sales Representative or Technical Agronomist for recommendations.