Agronomic practices, such as row spacing and seeding rate, have varying effects on yield potential. Narrow row spacing and increased seeding rates allow for more rapid canopy closure, which may reduce in-season weed competition.
Depending on growing conditions and management practices, higher seeding rates and narrow rows can result in greater yield potential but can also promote disease development. When growing conditions are conducive to disease development, the application of a fungicide may help protect yield potential.
This study was conducted to provide information to growers on the effects of row spacing, seeding rate, and fungicide application on soybean yield.
Nine Channel® brand Roundup Ready 2 Xtend® soybean products ranging from 3.1 to 3.9 maturity group were evaluated.
This was a single-site, non-replicated strip trial.
Treatments consisted of 480 ft long rows as follows:
Weed management consisted of a pre- and post-emergence program.
Low disease pressure was observed at the research site.
Twenty-inch spacing out-yielded 30” in all the varieties except in 3617R2X. The narrow rows provided on average a 2.9 bu/acre advantage (Fig. 1).
There was a variable response to seeding rate by the varieties (Fig. 2). Whereas there was no response in 3119R2X, yield was higher at 150K for 3116R2X and 3519R2X. For the remaining six varieties, 120K out-yielded 150K.
The average performance of the varieties in the trial is summarized in Figure 3.
The fungicide application did not show an economical return on investment.
Across fungicide treatments; in the 20-inch row treatments, the two seeding rates produced nearly similar yields.
Across fungicide treatments; In the 30-inch row treatments, the seeding rate of 120,000 seeds/acre showed a 1.6 bu/acre advantage.
How does row spacing affect yield potential?
Will higher seeding rates affect yield potential?